What You Need To Know
Yekaterinburg, alternatively romanized as Ekaterinburg, is the fourth-largest city in Russia and the administrative center of Sverdlovsk Oblast, located in the middle of the Eurasian continent, on the border of Europe and Asia. At the 2010 Census, it had a population of 1,349,772. Yekaterinburg is the main industrial and cultural center of the Ural Federal District. Between 1924 and 1991, the city was named Sverdlovsk (Свердло́вск) after the Communist party leader Yakov Sverdlov.
Area: 1,143 km²
The Russian ruble is the official currency of Russia and Yekaterinburg.
- English out of all foreign language speakers or of the population)
The Constitution of the Russian Federation has provided all citizens the right to free healthcare under Mandatory Medical Insurance since 1996. In 2008, 621,000 doctors and 1.3 MILLION nurses were employed in Russian healthcare. The number of doctors per 10,000 people was 43.8, but only 12.1 in rural areas. The number of general practitioners as a share of the total number of doctors was 1.26 percent. There are about 9.3 beds per thousand population – nearly double the OECD average. Expenditure on healthcare was 6.5of Gross Domestic Product, US$957 per person in 2013. About 48comes from government sources. About 5 of the population, mostly in major cities, have health insurance.
Yekaterinburg is an IMPORTANT railway junction on the Trans-Siberian Railway, it’s served by Sverdlovsk Railway with lines reaching all parts of the Ural Mountains and the rest of Russia.
As the economy grew stronger after the recession of the 1990s, several European airlines started or resumed flying to the city’s Koltsovo International Airport (SVX). These include Czech Airlines, Turkish Airlines, and Finnair.
Yekaterinburg is situated on the border of Europe and Asia, 1,667 kilometers (1,036 mi) east of Moscow, on the eastern side of the Ural Mountains on the Iset River. It is surrounded by wooded hills, partially cultivated for agricultural purposes, and small lakes. The city features a humid continental climate (Dfb) under the Köppen climate classification. The winter lasts for about six months—from October until the middle of April—and the temperature may fall to −45 °C (−49 °F), though rarely lower than −20 °C (−4 °F) to −25 °C (−13 °F). Summer in the Urals is short, with warm weather for only 65–70 days and an average temperature of +18 °C (64 °F). The city’s location “behind” the mountain range and highly variable winds mean that the weather is quite changeable from one day to the next and from year to year.